Environment | Protection | Discovery | Concern

Anti-poaching measures towards protection and conservation of the one horned rhinoceros in the famous Kaziranga National Park in Assam (India), will be taken by the concerned authorities, the state government and the Ministry for Environment, Forest, & Climate Change in collaboration. Recent updates include that, a special Rhino Protection Force would be adopted, in which a total of well-trained of about 1200 personnel, come into action and ground work very soon. Deployment of drones in the National Park, with the help from Ministry of Defence and the Director General, Civil Aviation and additionally, the personnel and forest guards will be acquainted with modern sophisticated arms, ammunitions and other sophisticated instruments towards tackling poachers, are taken into the plans and strict measures.

                Evolution is natural and by far the most strong forces in the nature. Behind the scenes of natural curtains, many amazing natural phenomenal actions do takes place, and is happening without our sights of vision. Once again, an extraordinary event took place when researchers from Malabar Christian College, University of Calicut, Kerala and Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata reached yet another extraordinary feat in discovering a new species of paper-wasps of the genus Ropalindia Guerin-Meneville. It is one of the largest social groups of wasps, dominant in the tropical and subtropical regions in the world. The Indian region consists of about 26 species. The common name of the species is Narendran’s Paper Wasp, small, stinging and 8 mm in total size, black in colour and yellow marks on the body, which is named after an imminent researcher, who contributed significantly to the taxonomy of insect research in India for 44 years.

                It is a fact that climate change is happening and none can deny to this ongoing threatening revolution. Indian Nobel peace Laureate, Kailash Satyarthi, has said, that the disasters of climate change are seen, among the poor Indian families. Due to climate change, the people of the rock-bottom strata in the society, who are in complete poverty, are being pushed so deep that the trafficking activities, bonded labor and other child labor are taking place, due to climate change, acting as a major factor. Displacements of families, led to instability, and thus eventually the children are forced to take any of the routes just mentioned above, of which many become domestic workers, labors in brick kilns and other unhealthy workshops. Kailash Satyarthi, is responsible for championing the cause of, freeing over 80,000 child laborers in India over 30 years of his life time, and is still continuing, with his founded initiative Bachpan Bachao Andolan (Save the Childhood Movement). He is an epitome of inspiration.

Arsenic Menace In Groundwater Aquifers

Arsenic Menace !

Arsenic contamination in the Ganga-Brahmaputra fluvial plains in India is a serious menace. Since, decades it has become a serious and also one of the world’s biggest natural groundwater calamities to the people living in and around the region. Groundwater arsenic contamination has been reported in the year 1983 in which 33 villages in the region of West Bengal were affected, and slowly it began to rise and reached up to 3400 villages which have been affected until recently. The people living in these areas are exposed chronically to drinking Arsenic contaminated water. Drinking Arsenic contaminated water is deadly serious and has far-reaching consequences. A continuous long exposure would lead to arsenic poisoning or arsenicosis, effecting vital organs like: liver, lungs, kidney and skin, and if precautionary steps are not taken of taking clean, pure and filtered water, death is inevitable. Its symptoms are: blood in the urine, cramping muscles, convulsions, vomiting, hair loss, diarrhea etc. The effects has already been seen in large number of communities whose livelihood is basically centered to agriculture and farming. The Indian states which are located in the Ganga-Brahmaputra plain are West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, and Chhattisgarh, are mostly affected with arsenic contamination in groundwater aquifers. The aquifers within a shallow depth i.e. within 100 m below the ground level is contaminated and found with Arsenic. On the other hand, deeper aquifers are usually free from arsenic. Basically, the presence of Arsenic is characterized by iron, calcium, magnesium, bicarbonate, etc. Well, it is widely known that Arsenic (Atomic Number = 33) is a semi-metallic element found in natural ground water systems all over the world. It can also be produced by industrial outputs, with chemicals used and other by-products, which after elimination into the water bodies or soil, gets absorbed and ingestion take place in food chain, and become seriously lethal for the living beings, plants and other organisms. The concerned authorities are taking measures to tackle this situation by establishing a task force which is basically comprised of technical experts and scientists from various disciplines in order to study and provide detailed report of the problem, the health department and government has established various laboratories for detection of arsenic content in groundwater, arsenic removal plants have been established and into operation to provide clean and potable drinking water for the affected populace. At present, research studies is being carried out on a large scale, to develop scientific solutions in an efficient manner.